IQF cov zaub mov puas tuaj yeem ua kev daws teeb meem rau lub neej tom ntej?

Lub Ob Hlis 22, 2021 | Xov Xwm

Nrog rau cov dej hiav txwv muaj kuab paug, keeb kwm ntawm cov dej hauv av qis, nce CO2 ntau nyob rau hauv cov huab cua thiab muaj kev kub ntxhov hauv peb qhov chaw, nws tsis muaj qhov xav tias ib qho ntawm peb qho muaj txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm cov khoom noj rau 2021 yog txo cov zaub mov pov tseg. Nov yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas yuav tsum tau ua tiag tiag yog tias peb npaj siab rau kev daws zaub mov tsis nyab xeeb thiab txo kev hloov pauv huab cua.

"Raws li UN Cheeb Tsam Txheej Txheem, kwv yees li ib feem peb ntawm cov khoom noj tau tsim hauv ntiaj teb rau tib neeg kev noj txhua txhua xyoo - kwv yees li ntawm 1,3 billion lub suab - ua tiav lossis ploj mus."

Qhov tseeb txog qhov tseeb kwv yees li 800 lab tsis txaus cov neeg tsis muaj peev xwm hauv lub ntiaj teb niaj hnub no thiab cov kev puas tsuaj los ntawm qhov muaj huab cua tsis zoo pauv tsis tau.

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Yog tias peb saib mus rau hauv cov pov tseg ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub, qhov teeb meem no haj yam loj dua. Hauv cov teb chaws vam meej, 40% ntawm cov zaub mov pov tseg tau tshwm sim tom qab sau qoob loo thiab kev ua tiav thaum nyob hauv cov teb chaws muaj kev lag luam - ntau dua 40% ntawm cov zaub mov pov tseg tshwm sim ntawm cov khw muag khoom thiab cov neeg siv khoom. Kev xa tawm los ntawm kev tsim kho los txhim kho kev lag luam - cov lej ua tau ntshai. [2] Cov khib nyiab los ntawm cov khoom lag luam tshiab tuaj yeem ncav cuag lub exorbitant 70-80% yog tias peb suav los ntawm lub teb kom txog thaum kawg cov neeg siv khoom siv 'chav ua noj. Ntxiv mus, raws li European kev tshawb fawb hauv teb chaws, "tshiab cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub ua rau yuav luag 50% ntawm cov zaub mov pov tseg los ntawm EU tsev neeg". [3]

Leej twg tuaj yeem ua dab tsi?

Yog li peb yuav ua li cas thiaj tawm tsam tau tej zaub mov tsis zoo no? Ib txoj hauv kev pom kev lag luam khoom noj khoom haus sim ua lawv cov feem yog kev coj ua khoom noj khoom haus dua ntxiv los ntawm kev ntxiv cov khoom muaj txiaj ntsig thiab cov khoom lag luam muaj nyiaj tshaj, thaum lwm tus siab tawv thiab muaj kev vam meej yog kev ua lag luam thiab muag cov khoom hu ua "zaub mov tsis zoo" lossis cov khoom lag luam tsis zoo. uas tej zaum yuav tsis muaj qhov ua kom tsis zoo, muaj xim tsis zoo, los sis ua rau yws. Kuj tseem muaj cov koom haum sim los daws kev txwv hnub daim ntawv lo tsis meej, tshwj xeeb yog kev lag luam mis nyuj, thiab yog li pab tshem tawm cov zaub mov pov tseg.

Cov tuam txhab tsim khoom, txawm li cas los xij, tuaj yeem nqa lawv tus kheej sib faib rau lub rooj. Tus thawj coj nto moo hauv kev tsim khoom siv tshuab thiab tsim khoom ntawm Individual Quick Freezing (IQF) thev naus laus zis - OctoFrost tuam txhab - ntseeg tias qhov tshiab IQF thev naus laus zis tuaj yeem siv los daws teeb meem zaub mov pov tseg ntawm ntau qib.

Thawj qhov ua ntej, IQF yog dab tsi?

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IQF sawv ib leeg ib leeg ntawm kev ceev txias thiab nws tau tiav los ntawm kev siv dej txias thiab muaj zog ntws los ntawm huab cua kom cais txhua daim ntawm cov khoom (raws li txwv tsis pub rau lub tsev kawm ntawv qub thaiv khov) nyob rau hauv qhov chaw txias txias thiab yog li tau txig sib cais cov zaub mov khov khoom noj txawm tias muaj nplaum thiab cov zaub mov nyuaj xws li cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo tsuav, cov txiv ntseej los yog txiav ua kom cov nqaij siav, cov nqaij minced lossis marinated. Qhov ua tau yog dav nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm cov khoom uas yuav yog IQF khov thiab feem ntau ntawm cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub koj yuav pom nyob rau hauv khov ntawm kev ntawm koj lub khw muag khoom, yog IQF khov.

Thaum nws hais txog qhov zoo ntawm IQF cov khoom, kev yooj yim yog tej zaum nyob rau sab saum toj rau cov neeg siv khoom kawg uas tam sim no defrost tus nqi xav tau thiab khaws cov khoom seem hauv lawv lub freezer (tsis tas yuav yaj cov pob tag nrho).

Zoo li tsis muaj teeb meem

Tab sis yog qhov zoo tshaj yuav yooj yim txaus hnub no? Qee cov kws tshaj lij kev lag luam ua noj yuav tau sib cav tias. Nws zoo li tus neeg tau txais kev pab yeej tsis tau xaiv txog qhov zoo, tsos, thiab khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm lawv cov zaub mov. Thiab qhov no yog qhov twg technology tev tawm tuaj cawm. Tshwj xeeb, cov txheej txheem thev naus laus zis uas tuaj yeem ua rau cov khoom khov zoo zoo li ua rau lub siab nyiam ua lawv cov khoom noj tshiab thiab kaw hauv lawv cov khoom noj khoom haus - yog cov hloov pauv kev ua si hauv tus neeg siv khoom tus cwj pwm.

Fresher tshaj li tshiab

Kev tshawb fawb qhia tias cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub uas khov yog qhov ua tau zoo dua cov zaub tshiab thiab muaj cov txiv ntoo ntau [4]. Qhov laj thawj rau qhov ntawd yog cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub uas khov yog feem ntau yog sau ntawm qhov chaw siab tshaj plaws uas muaj cov khoom noj thiab saj ntau tshaj plaws, thiab cov txheej txheem khov yog cia li txhav tas li ntawm txhua qhov zoo ntawm ib cov khoom uas siav.

Cov zaub tshiab, nws siv sijhawm ntau tshaj li ob lub lim tiam txij hnub zaub tau raug xaiv rau hnub uas tau noj, sijhawm nyob hauv kev khaws cia, kev thauj mus los thiab nyob rau hauv cov theem ntawm cov tsev loj. Hauv txhua lub sijhawm no cov zaub tshiab tuaj yeem poob txog 45 feem pua ​​ntawm cov as-ham tseem ceeb. [5]

Yuav IQF zaub mov txuag lub hnub?

Nws yuav siv ntau dua li qhov ntawd los daws cov teeb meem ntawm cov zaub mov pov tseg, tab sis nws tuaj yeem ua lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb hauv kev daws teeb meem rau cov teeb meem nyuaj heev.

Los ntawm kev txo qis cov khoom siv hauv tsev vim muaj kev yooj yim ntawm kev siv tus nqi uas xav tau thaum khaws cov khoom seem hauv lub tub yees, IQF thev naus laus zis tuaj yeem pab txawm tias cov khoom lag luam rov tshwm tuaj - los ntawm dicing thiab IQF khov yog txwv tsis pub muaj qhov tsis sib xws lossis tsis sib luag ntawm cov khoom.

Tsis tas li ntawd, nws daws qhov teeb meem ntawm cov zaub mov xa tawm hauv cov cheeb tsam uas muaj ntau cov khoom tshiab nyob qhov twg cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub tshiab tsis muaj pov tseg rau thaj teb vim qhov tsis muaj ntawm kev ua lag luam.

Thaum kawg, tab sis tsis tsawg kawg, IQF thev naus laus zis tuaj yeem yog lub plawv ntawm kev teeb tsa cov qauv lag luam hauv kev lag luam hauv cov zej zog kev lag luam uas cov khoom lag luam tshiab los yog muab sau tau.

Tag nrho txhua yam, cov khoom lag luam zoo khov yog qhov tseeb dua, muaj kev noj qab haus huv, yooj yim dua, thiab muaj kev ruaj ntseg ntxiv rau lub neej yav tom ntej ntawm peb lub ntiaj teb. Cov neeg tau txais kev pab thiab kev lag luam ua ke yuav tsum thiab yuav hloov lub luag haujlwm hais txog yuav ua li cas cov zaub mov tsim thiab siv raws li tsis muaj ib qho kev daws teeb meem rau lub ntiaj teb cov zaub mov pov tseg teeb meem, tab sis peb yuav tsum tau muab tso ua ke ntau ntau yam sib txawv, tshiab thiab muaj lub tswv yim muaj peev xwm kom muaj ntawm tsawg kawg yog ib txoj hmoo rau kev yeej.

[1] https://www.unenvironment.org/thinkeatsave/get-informed/worldwide-food-waste

[2] https://www.foodbank.org.au/food-waste-facts-in-australia/

[3] https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/news/eu-households-waste-over-17-billion-kg-fresh-fruit-and-vegetables-year

[4] https://www.dailymail.co.uk/ Cov Phiaj Xwm / Phim Dab Neeg 1255606/Why-frozen-vegetables-fresher-fresh.html

[5] https://www.dailymail.co.uk/ Cov Phiaj Xwm / Phim Dab Neeg 1255606/Why-frozen-vegetables-fresher-fresh.html


Lub sij hawm tshaj tawm: Tsib Hlis-13-2021